Estate Jewelry usually refers to jewelry that was previously owned .Jewelry must be at least 100 years old to be considered antique, and made after the 1940s and through the 1980s to be considered vintage.
Georgian Jewelry (1714–1837)
Georgian-era jewelry is handmade and rare. This era often featured nature-inspired designs, such as leaves, birds, and precious stones. Memento Mori was a style of jewelry very popular at the time. The phrase signifies "remember that you will die" and the style is characterized heavy usage of skull and coffin motifs.
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Early Victorian, romantic jewelry (1837–1855
Early Victorian-era jewelry also featured nature-inspired designs, similar to jewelry of the Georgian era. Frequently, these designs were delicately and intricately etched into gold. Lockets and brooches were popular in daytime jewelry during the early Victorian era, whereas colored gemstones and diamonds were worn during the evening.
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Mid-Victorian, grand jewelry (1856–1880
Because the Grand or Mid-Victorian era corresponded with the death of Queen Victoria’s husband, many jewelry pieces have solemn, somber designs. Known as mourning jewelry, the pieces feature heavy, dark stones. Jet, onyx, amethyst, and garnet are frequently found in jewelry from this period. Compared to previous periods, Mid-Victorian-era jewelry feature highly creative, colorful designs using shells, mosaics and gemstones.
Late Victorian, aesthetic jewelry (1885–1900)
During the Late Victorian or Aesthetic period, jeweler used diamonds and feminine, bright gemstones such as sapphire, peridot, and spinel. Star and crescent designs as well as elaborate hat pins were also popular. Some scholars believe the aesthetic era began sooner, in 1875, and ended as early as 1890.
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Arts and Crafts jewelry (1894–1923)
Due to the Industrial Revolution, many jewelry designers rebelled during the Arts and crafts movement, returning to intricate jewelry designs and handmade craftsmanship. It was common for jewelry of this era to be simple in pattern and made of colorful, uncut stones.
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Art Nouveau jewelry (1895–1915)
Art Nouveau jewelry features natural designs such as flowers and butterflies and were generally considered "romantic." Art Nouveau was a style popular from about 1895 until World War I. The style actually began around 1875 in Paris, and its influence went throughout the western world. The style died out by the end of World War I but has often been revived. Art Nouveau jewelry follows curves and naturalistic designs, especially depicting long-haired, sensual women, sometimes turning into bird-like or flower-like forms.
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Edwardian jewelry (1901–1915)
The Edwardian period began upon the death of Queen Victoria in 1901, when her son Edward became King. During this period many of the Edwardian-designed pieces incorporated ₰more expensive gems such as diamonds, emeralds and rubies in elaborate designs.
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Art Deco jewelry (1915–1935)
Much Art Deco design was a transition from the earlier Art Nouveau and, as with the Art Nouveau era, was inspired by the art of the native peoples of the Americas and by ancient Egyptian, Greek and Roman architecture. Art Deco jewelry motifs are characterized by geometric designs, diverse combinations of color, and abstract patterns. In 1922, the opening of Tutankhamen's tomb in Egypt inspired another Egyptian revival. Influences from cubism as well as African, oriental, Persian, Islamic, and ART NOUVEAU designs were common in Art Deco jewelry. The early 1920s' interest in Cubism and Dadaism as a new art form greatly influenced the Art Deco period. Additionally, the mysteries of the pyramids and a continuing revival of astrological studies lent themselves to Art Deco designs, which in turn were incorporated in the Art Moderne period following 1930.
Art-deco jewelry is one of the most sought-after jewelry categories, as demonstrated by auction results.
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